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Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA)

St Mary’s college has adopted five nearby villages. As a part of Unnat Bharath Abayan (Adatt, Kolazhi, Madakkathara, Mulamkunnathkavu, Thekkumkara) Around 1500 students and 70 Faculty from the different department has been visited the villages for the socio-economic survey. Collecting information from the families were under the administration of local governing bodies. After the survey, the final report was finalized by the effective screening of District administrator and sincere help from the locals. The outcome of the survey was quite surprising. Five villages had unique atmospheric nature, But resemblance appearance in socio-economic issues. Unemployment, Lack of public transport, Drinking water scarcity, Old age problems, poor Drainage and sewage system, loose of soil fertility. These issues were common in five villages. Standing water where mosquitoes can breed was the main issue in Adatt. Tekkumkara and Mulamkunnathkavu are surrounded by forest, wildlife conflict is a major concern of the native’s.

The devastating flood in Kerala forced our team to revisits the villages to find out the current situation. Unprecedented rainfall in a short space of time-triggered landslides. In our five villages, Adatt is the major victim of soil erosion. As a part of the Revisit survey, our college team planned to sort out some issues. Loose of soil fertility is the major issue in Adatt and one project were developed by our team in the title-“Biotechnological enhancement of flood-affected soil microbiome by the employment of microbial consortium”. Followed by the project awareness classes were given to the public and farmers during Gramasaba meetings.

Introduction

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) is a program inspired by the vision of transformational change in a rural area. Grasping knowledge from the villages about their socio-economic issues and implementing an ecofriendly output to the people for the better tomorrow. Under the central ministry of Human Resource Development.143 primary institutions were selected for the first stage execution (IIT, NIT ETC). We are extremely (St. Mary’s College) proud to be one among them in the first cycle. UBA insight two-way learning process, where we can provide technical knowledge about the absence of need. Where rural flock can teach enormous life skills. UBA can pride, for the small accomplishment, exhausted village to the path of development through the educational institutions

St Mary’s college has adopted five nearby villages. (Adatt, Kolazhi, Madakkathara, Mulamkunnathkavu, Thekkumkara) Around 1500 students and 70 Faculty from different departments, five villages were visited the same by scheduled days in numerous times. Dr. Binu where the program coordinator. Countless activities happened in the villages.

The Conceptual Stage

The college officials have consulted the concern officials and an immense study was done in the selected villages; were helped to rule out the project. Finally, the projects were introduced to the college staff and students.

Resource Mapping

Students from varies department participated in the survey. A hamlet and village meeting were held for discussion of UBA objective and plan. All villager and panchayat officials were participated and provided their valuable inputs. After this reconnaissance survey, village level and the household survey was conducted for the collection of basic information and problems of the village. While conducting household survey futile lands were visited.

ADATT

Adatt (CT) is a town in the Thrissur taluka of Thrissur district with an area of 6.91 km2. It has 1376 households with a total population of 5721 as per the 2011 Census. The district headquarters Thrissur is at a distance of 9 km

Household survey

Villagers were very happy once they were aware of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan through hamlet meeting and social mobilization. From our college, 250 students and 20 faculties went to Adatt and conducted a household survey in the first week of June 2018. In household survey form basic information about a family like how many no. of persons are in family, their age, education, health, livelihood, agriculture-related information and many other issues which is related to their day to day life like, problems faced by the villagers in their village and No of Govt. scheme reach in the village and finally prioritize these problems were collected. This becomes the basic evidence as well as the information to prepare the village development plan according to their needs and requirement.

Problem Identification

  • Unemployment
  • Poor drainage and sewage system
  • Standing water where mosquitoes can breed
  • Lack of health awareness
  • Women empowerment
  • Loss of soil fertility
  • Lack of healthcare awareness

The Adatt Panchayat were re-visited by the team on 22/08/18 and 24/08/2018 by morning. 54 students, 15 teachers, and 4 NCC members were joined to Ayanikkad region. The devastating flood in Kerala made a major impact on Adatt also. Houses were marooned by water and mud, our team helped them to make sure the building safety, sort out the buckled walls and floors. Helped them to find out holes in the floor, broken glass and other potentially dangerous debris and 32 houses were cleaned and 51 wells were tested because of heavily contaminated water with sewage and other pollutants. Test result forced us to chlorinate the water resources

Kolazhy

Kolazhy Grama Panchayat, also known as Kolazhy GP, is part of Puzhakkal block, in Thrissur taluk, in Thrissur district.[1] It is located 6.8 kilometers (4.2 mi) north of Thrissur city.

Household survey

Villagers were very happy once they were aware of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan through hamlet meeting and social mobilization. From our college, 88 students and 20 faculties went to kolache and conducted a household survey in the last week of June 2018. In household survey form basic information about a family like how many no. of persons are in family, their age, education, health, livelihood, agriculture-related information and many other issues which is related to their day to day life like, problems faced by the villagers in their village and No of Govt. scheme reach in the village and finally prioritize these problems were collected. This becomes the basic evidence as well as the information to prepare the village development plan according to their needs and requirement.

Problem Identification

  • Loss of soil fertility
  • Poor drainage and sewage system
  • Standing water where mosquitoes can breed
  • Lack of health awareness
  • Women empowerment
  • Lack of healthcare awareness

The first venture of Marian Flood relief Campaign was held in Kolazhy Grama Panchayat a team of 69 students and 20 teachers have initiated the cleaning process in the distressed area. As a result of teamwork, they cleaned 56 houses and 21 water resources were chlorinated, more over awareness class were conducted for the villagers. One meeting was arranged by our team to understand the major disaster effects of their village. Loss of soil fertility was the main drawback of the natural calamity

Our team have arranged a revisit to the village for the better solution of the issues and is finally points to a new project named “Biotechnological enhancement of flood-affected soil microbiome by the employment of microbial consortium” and the project was implemented like this.

Project Title

Biotechnological enhancement of flood-affected soil microbiome by the employment of microbial consortium

Institution

St. Mary’s College, Thrissur

Objective of technology

  • To develop a microbial consortium that with the ability to fix essential plant nutrients such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium.
  • By the administration of this bacterial consortium to regain the fertility of the soil
  • To give awareness to the farmers about the use and maintenance of technology
  • Proper monitoring and maintenance of technology to ensure its smooth functioning
  • Popularising the technology by the help of local governing bodies
  • To analyze the effect of technology among the administrated areas

The Project consists of the following four phases:

  • Phase A – Bacteria culture and development of NPK Bacterial consortium
  • Phase B – Project implementation discussion with Panjayath authorities
  • Phase C – Technology demonstration to public and farmers during “Gramasabha” meetings
  • Phase D –Distribution of bacterial vials to public

Project Coordinator

Dr. Binu K

Phase A – Bacteria culture and development of NPK Bacterial consortium

Bacteria culture development phase will focus on the production of a bacterial consortium which can be used as NPK fertilizer which is eco-friendly and cheap for the layman. The whole bacterial consortium is cultured and maintained in rice water which is easily available and easy to handle.

Isolation and selection of superior strain

Bacteria that could solubilize Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and potassium was isolated from the rhizosphere of plants in and around Thrissur district, Kerala, India. Various isolates were screened for its solubilizing capacity and superior strains were selected based on their activity. We selected bacterial isolate SMCN18 for Nitrogen solubilization, Whereas Bacterial isolate SMCP18 was found to be having maximum Phosphorous solubilization capacity, Similarly higher degree of potassium solubilization was found to be by bacterial isolate SMCK18 .

Compatibility Analysis of bacterial isolate

It was very much essential to rule out any kind of antagonistic effect of three isolates within themselves therefore we analyzed a compatibility analysis by cross-streaking method based on which we understood that the three bacterial isolates (SMCN18, SMCP18, and SMCK18) are compatible to each other and hence the two can be utilized as a bacterial consortium whose activity could enhance the soil fertility.

Phase B – Project implementation discussion with Panchayat authorities

Discussion between St. Mary’s college representatives and Kolazy Panchayat administrators. From right Mr. Unnikrishnan (Panchayat president), Dr. Kayeen Vadakkan, Dr K.Binu, Mrs Jessy Lonappan (Vice President of Kolazy Panchayat)

Phase C – Technology demonstration to public and farmers during “Gramasabha” meetings

The major challenge was to give a demonstration to the layman about the content and usage of bacterial consortium this obstacle was met up during gram sabha meetings. During gramasabha meetings, we give technology implementation classes to the public as the response in the presence of e panchayat governing. Dr. Binu K UBA project coordinator along with Dr. Kayeen Vadakkan, Technology Developer went to 17 wards of Kolazy panchayat to familiarize the technology which is to increase the soil fertility through the microbial consortium.


Phase D –Distribution of bacterial vials to public

The final phase is the distribution of bacterial vials to the farmers which will be carried out as three stages in the first stage 500 vials will be given to 500 farmers on June 10, 2019. About 500 families and approximately 2000 people will be benefited in this stage. The second stage is aimed to benefit about 4000 people directly by the distribution of 1000 vials which is scheduled on 17 June 2019The third stage commences on 24 June in which we target about 6000direct beneficiaries.

Project Proposal Present status
Date Milestone Status
2/1/2019 Discussion with the local governing body Achieved on time
7/1/2019 Site inspection at Kolazhy panchayat east quadrat Achieved on time
8/1/2019 Site inspection at Kolazhy panchayat west quadrat Achieved on time
16/1/2019 Site inspection at kolazhy panchayat north quadrat Achieved on time
17/1/2019 Site inspection at Kolazhy panchayat south quadrat Achieved on time
5/2/2019 Optimization of formulation Achieved on time
8/2/2019 Compatibility analysis of the consortium Achieved on time
13/2/2019 Insitu analysis Achieved on time
20/2/2019 Prototype launch Achieved on time
22/2/2019 Demonstration of technology to farmers in ward number 15 & 16 Achieved on time
23/2/2019 Demonstration of technology to farmers in ward number 2,5,6,12 Achieved on time
24/2/2019 Demonstration of technology to farmers in ward number 3,4,7,8,10,13,14 Achieved on time
25/2/2019 Demonstration of technology to farmers in ward number 1,9,11,17 Achieved on time
10/6/2019 Stage 1 Distribution of the product Yet to complete
17/6/2019 Stage 2 Distribution of the product Yet to complete
24/6/2019 Stage 3 Distribution of the product Yet to complete

Madakkathara

Madakkathara is a large village located in Thrissur Taluka of Thrissur district, Kerala with total 4255 families residing. The Madakkathara village has a population of 16850 of which 8248 are males while 8602 are females as per Population Census 2011.

Household survey

Villagers were very happy once they were aware of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan through hamlet meeting and social mobilization. From our college, 500 students and 25 faculties went to Madakkathara and conducted a household survey in the second week of June 2018. In household survey form basic information about a family like how many no. of persons are in family, their age, education, health, livelihood, agriculture-related information and many other issues which is related to their day to day life like, problems faced by the villagers in their village and No of Govt. scheme reach in the village and finally prioritize these problems were collected. This becomes the basic evidence as well as the information to prepare the village development plan according to their needs and requirement

Problem Identification

  • Unemployment
  • Poor drainage and sewage system
  • Standing water where mosquitoes can breed
  • Lack of health awareness
  • Women empowerment
  • Loss of soil fertility
  • Men animal conflict
  • Lack of proper housing

the village was re-visited by the team on 23/08/18 and 28/08/2018 by morning. 30 students, 10 teachers were jointed. The devastating flood in Kerala made a major impact in this panchayath also. Houses were marooned by water and mud, as same as Adatt village our team helped them to clean the flood-affected houses, Anganwadi, public place like panchayat office, hospitals, etc. Our team conducted an informative awareness class about the disease after the calamity. As a result of flood 56 wells were tested and 21 can be chlorinated by our team. Finally, we got a golden opportunity to assist the governing bodies for the digital survey conducted by the government. Rest of the cleaning things were distributed through the village.

Mulankunnathu Kaavu

Mulakunnathukavu is part of Puzhakkal block, in Thrissur taluk, in Thrissur district.[1] It is located 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) north of Thrissur city.

Household survey

Villagers were very happy once they were aware of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan through hamlet meeting and social mobilization. From our college, 95 students and 5 faculties went to Mulamkunnathkavu and conducted a household survey in the third week of June 2018. In household survey form basic information about a family like how many no. of persons are in family, their age, education, health, livelihood, agriculture-related information and many other issues which is related to their day to day life like, problems faced by the villagers in their village and No of Govt. scheme reach in the village and finally prioritize these problems were collected. This becomes the basic evidence as well as the information to prepare the village development plan according to their needs and requirement

Problem Identification

  • Unemployment
  • Poor drainage and sewage system
  • Standing water where mosquitoes can breed
  • Lack of health awareness
  • Women empowerment
  • Loss of soil fertility
  • Men animal conflict
  • Alcoholic and drug addiction

Mulankunnathu Kaavu Panchayath was one of the major flood affected areas, significant disaster was victimized by our team. The Marian Flood Relief Campaign under UBA was held in Mulankunnathu Kaavu and carried out their mission in two phases. A team of 21 students, 4 teachers, Jesus Youth volunteers, and Santhigram Sisters were moved to the Flood Affected regions in the village. Finally, our team cleaned 33 houses and almost 24 water resources were chlorinated. After the flooded village were floated by plastic wastes and sediments. Within the limited time span, our team cleared the plastics and sediments. Village’s people were very happy about health care and monsoon disease awareness classes.

Thekkumkara

Thekkumkara is a Village in Wadakkanchery Block in Thrissur District of Kerala State, India. It belongs to Central Kerala Division. It is located 14 KM towards North from District head quarters Thrissur. 6 KM from Wadakkancherry.

Household survey

Villagers were very happy once they were aware of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan through hamlet meeting and social mobilization. From our college, 50 students and 25 faculties went to Thekkumkara and conducted a household survey in the second week of June 2018. In household survey form basic information about a family like how many no. of persons are in family, their age, education, health, livelihood, agriculture-related information and many other issues which is related to their day to day life like, problems faced by the villagers in their village and No of Govt. scheme reach in the village and finally prioritize these problems were collected. This becomes the basic evidence as well as the information to prepare the village development plan according to their needs and requirement

Problem Identification

  • Unemployment
  • Poor drainage and sewage system
  • Standing water where mosquitoes can breed
  • Lack of health awareness
  • Women empowerment
  • Loss of soil fertility

The village was re-visited by the team on 25/08/18 and 26/08/2018 by morning. 90 students, 16 teachers were jointed. The devastating flood in Kerala made a major impact in these villages also. Houses were marooned by water and mud, as same as Adatt, Mulamkunnathkavu and Madakkathara village our team helped them to clean the flood-affected houses, Anganwadi, public place like panchayat office, hospitals, etc. Our team conducted an informative awareness class about the disease after the calamity. As a result of flood 61 wells were tested and 21 can be chlorinated by our team. Finally, our Microbiology team sponsored umbrellas to the Anganvadi students. English department was heartily ready to sponsor books for the same.

Implementation of solution

Unemployment (Implemented evening class for PSC training)

In our five adapted village, we realized the major issue of the native youngster’s is unemployment. Our team focused on the development of youngsters’ general knowledge and current afire. Since 07/07/2019 we started the PSC coaching class in Adatt village. This is a six-month program which has 3 horse class in all weekends and public holidays. Most of the students were housewives and our college students. Adatt village officials were very happy to receive our tutor Dr. Binu K. Lack of the public resource and facilities, we forced to utilize the local resource like roof house, car porch, etc with the sincere help from the village officials.

Lack of soil fertility (Implemented new technology for soil fertility)

Our team was really keen to help farmers for the better tomorrow. SMCNPK18 biofertilizer will be a great relief for them by improving the soil fertility without vanishing the essential bacterial growth. After the flood, our team revisited and conducted many hamlets. The main grievances of the locals were their farmland and loss of soil fertility. To reach the SMCNPK18 to farmers Adv. V. S Sunil Kumar (Honorable minister for agriculture) released SMCNPK18 to DR. Sr. Lekha. (Provincial councilor of social work apostolate) 15/07/2019 we conducted an official launching ceremony in Kolazhi village and directly distributed the product to the public.

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